What’s involved in a tribunal?
Tribunals are designed to resolve disputes between employers and employees. They are an independent part of the legal system, separate from courts, and are often necessary as a last resort to obtain unsettled payments.
Tribunals can be a daunting and time-consuming process for all concerned and should be a last resort. In most cases, issues in the practice can be resolved through constructive discussion, following any applicable employment policies and negotiation between the parties. Even when a claim has been issued, there are still opportunities to reach a resolution through discussion via the Advisory, Conciliation and Arbitration Service (ACAS) and through the Judicial Mediation process. We have a mediation scheme to help members reach agreement when they are in dispute.
The law can be complex. Whilst it is not mandatory to have a lawyer representing you, it is advisable for all but the simplest of cases. You can also be represented by a lay person, such as a friend or family member.
If unavoidable, the tribunal process follows specific procedural steps: