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​Timeline

Pre-1700

1530 

Artzney Buchlein, the first book written solely on dentistry

1563

Bartholomew Eusttachius published the first accurate book on dental anatomy, Libellus de dentibus

​1683

Antony van Leeuwenhoek identified oral bacteria using a microscope

1685

The first dental book written in English, The Operator for the teeth by Charles Allen

1700-1800

1723

​Pierre Fauchard published Le Chirurgien dentiste


1764 

​First lectures on the teeth at the Royal College of Surgeons, Edinburgh by James Rae  ​

​1771 

​John Hunter published The natural history of human teeth giving a scientific basis to dental anatomy  ​

1780

​​William Addis manufactured the first modern toothbrush ​

1800-1900

​1820

​Claudius Ash established his dental manufacturing company in London​ ​

1831 

​James Snell designed the first reclining dental chair  ​

1830s-1890s

​The Amalgam War conflict and controversy generated over the use of amalgam as a filling material  ​

1839 

​London Institution for Diseases of the Teeth established 

1843

​First British Dental Journal was published  ​

1844 

Horace Wells demonstrated nitrous oxide as an anaesthetic  ​

1846

​W T G Morton demonstrated ether as an anaesthetic  ​

1846

​​James Robinson carried out first tooth extraction under ether in the UK ​

1851  

​Vulcanite, invented by Charles Goodyear, began to be used for denture bases

1858 

​Dental Hospital of London opened, the first clinical training establishment for dentists in Britain. Medical Registration Act permitted the College of Surgeons to grant licences in dental surgery ​

1859

​Opening of first dental schools in Britain ​

​1860  

​First licences in dental surgery awarded by the Royal College of Surgeons of England ​






1871






James Beall Morrision invents foot treadle engine. A tooth coloured filling material, silicate cement was introduced​






​1878   

​​First British Dentists Act​ ​

1879

​First Dental Register ​

​1880

​British Dental Association founded ​

​1884 

​Cocaine was introduced as a local anaesthetic by Carl Koller ​

​1890

​W D Miller formulated his ‘chemico parasitic’ theory of caries in Micro-organisms of the human mouth

1895

​Lilian Lindsay became the first woman to qualify as a dentist in the UK ​

1896

​​G V Black establishes the principles of cavity preparation ​

1900-present 

​1900

​Federation Dentaire Internationale founded 

​1901

​University of Birmingham awarded the first dental degree in Britain

Novocaine was introduced as a local anaesthetic by Alfred Einhorn 

​1907

George Cunningham established the Cambridge school children’s dental institute

​1907  

​George Northcroft establishes the first orthodontic study group in the UK

​1921 

Dentists Act: only registered dentists were permitted to practise

​c 1932 

​Synthetic resins were introduced for denture bases

​1943 

First dental hygienists were trained by the Women’s Auxiliary Air Force

​1947 

Founding of the Faculty of Dental Surgery within the Royal College of Surgeons of England






1948 








  National Health     Service introduced










​1956

​Dentists Act: General Dental Council established

1957 

High-speed turbine handpiece introduced

1958

Fluoride toothpaste was first marketed in Britain

​1962  

Dental auxiliaries qualified at New Cross General Hospital

1967

​Lord Colwyn became a hereditary peer contributing to dental debates in the House of Lords

1968 

First national dental survey of the adult population (children 1973) in England and Wales. These and subsequent surveys demonstrated enormous improvements in dental treatment and oral health

​1981

Baroness Gardner of Parkes becomes first dentist to have a life peerage

1984

Dentists Act: the constitutional powers of the GDC were reduced

1985

The first dental school closed; Royal Dental Hospital

1985  

​Water fluoridation Act passed

1990 

​Family Health Services Authorities created and a new dental contract introduce

​1992 

​Formation of the Faculty of General Dental Practice

​2006

​The new General Dental Services NHS contract introduced

   
   

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