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International Women’s Day: Untold stories of female dentists

Blog Author Rachel Bairsto

Blog Date 08/03/2021

On the historical contributions women have made to dentistry and how you can share their untold stories.


Two dental studets looking at a patient

  Students at work in the National Dental Hospital London, 1916.

For this International Women’s Day, we’re reflecting on the amazing contributions many women have made to dentistry by looking back through our archives. The first woman to qualify in the UK as a dentist – in 1895 - was the wonderful Lillian Lindsay. We’ve covered Lilian’s impressive achievements before, and her contribution to dentistry and to the BDA. But she wasn’t the only pioneering woman in dentistry.


I want to find out more about some of the other women who contributed to our profession, broke new ground in their choice of career, and worked hard to combat stereotypes.


Providing essential care

“The first official qualification for dentists was not made until 1860.”

The first official qualification for dentists was not made until 1860, with the Royal College of Surgeons granting licenses in dental surgery. The 1878 Dentists Act paved the way for the first Dental Register the following year, but you could still practice as a dentist at that time without formal training and many women did.


However, Eva Handley graduated in 1901 and went on to work at the Women’s Military Hospital in Endell Street from 1915-1919. She was a BDA member and clearly quite a formidable character; one source said she was known as “[the] dental surgeon whose skill in extraction was considered marvellous, never failed to thrill the men, and she was eagerly pointed out to friends and visitors”!

 The staff of the military hospital Endell Street

  Staff of the Women's Military Hospital in Endell Street

Handley also held honorary dental surgeon appointments at hospitals and clinics for vulnerable women and children. And she was one of the first women we know of to be both medically and dentally qualified, no mean feat for a woman in that era.


Kate Latarche meanwhile qualified at Manchester in 1912. During the First World War she joined the Girton and Newnham Unit of the Scottish Women’s Hospitals and treated French and Serbian troops in Salonica on the Macedonian front. She treated staff and patients in the Dental Department, which was located in a large wooden hut and shared an x-ray department and septic and aseptic operating theatres with the hospital.


Helen Mayo, who worked to promote dentistry as a career for women

Recruiting other women into dentistry


Another story we know is that of Helen Mayo, who qualified in 1919.


By 1921 she had contributed works to the British Dental Journal and was giving
talks encouraging more women to enter the profession.


She told audiences: “The dentist should bear in mind that all patients arrive
suffering with the pip [feeling unwell, irritated or depressed] and it is her duty
to cheer them up.” But some of her thoughts on dentistry were a little
unusual. For instance, she once said, “large feet are also essential
as a dentist has to spend most of her time standing up."


Putting oral health on the agenda

“Many women did essential work in the developing school dental service.”

At that time, poor oral health was a blight for many and a great number of women did essential work in the developing school dental service. 


In 1925, Mrs Mabel Inder, a school dentist giving evidence to the Barnstaple Education Committee, said: “It is very discouraging to find infants entering school with very bad teeth. It is the exception to find a good set of temporary teeth in a child’s mouth at the age of five when first examined by a school dentist.”


The school dental service was instrumental in getting the importance of good oral health recognised and it’s mainly women we must thank for putting in the leg work. 


For instance, Lilian Lindsay, as President of the BDA in 1946, paid tribute to Margherita Loretz (LDS RCS Eng 1920): "As dental officer for Brentford and Chiswick Borough Council she has fought for 22 years for better conditions, sacrificing her own health. Now Brentford school dental clinic can be proudly set side by side with the best dental clinic in the world.”



    Promoting oral health in the early twentieth century


Was your ancestor a dentist?

These illuminating snippets help us to build a picture of the enormous contribution women have made to dentistry across the twentieth century. As dentistry today is increasingly becoming a female dominated profession, we continue to track down the inspiring stories of those who paved the way for other women to forge successful careers in our profession.


“Help us to build a picture of the contribution women have made to dentistry.”

There were only 263 female dentists on the Dental Register in 1923, which was approximately two per cent of all dentists registered at that time. Of these, only a third - 87 women - held a dental qualification. Most had learnt their skills through an apprenticeship. They included Emily Alderon (Leeds), Ada Baker, (Nottingham), Mary Beattie (Coventry), Eva Brewer (Rochester), Margery Brown (Folkestone) and Netta Burack (Dublin). If you recognise any of these names and know their stories, or the stories of another female dentist, please do get in touch: museum@bda.org.


We’re always looking to learn more about women in dentistry and document their contributions to the profession. If you are interested in learning more about an ancestor who you think may have been a dentist, we can help. The Dental Registers we hold began in 1879 recording the name, address and qualification of every dentist in the UK, so may also be able to help you trace your ancestors in our archives.


Rachel Bairsto


Rachel Bairsto
BDA Museum Head of Museum Services