Go to content


A tribunal is a judicial body that is responsible for upholding workspace justice. It’s the main forum for deciding disputes between employers and workers over employment rights.

What’s involved in a tribunal?

Tribunals are designed to resolve disputes between employers and employees. They are an independent part of the legal system, separate from courts, and are often necessary as a last resort to obtain unsettled payments.

Tribunals can be a daunting and time-consuming process for all concerned and should be a last resort. In most cases, issues in the practice can be resolved through constructive discussion, following any applicable employment policies and negotiation between the parties. Even when a claim has been issued, there are still opportunities to reach a resolution through discussion via the Advisory, Conciliation and Arbitration Service (ACAS) and through the Judicial Mediation process. We have a mediation scheme to help members reach agreement when they are in dispute.

The law can be complex. Whilst it is not mandatory to have a lawyer representing you, it is advisable for all but the simplest of cases. You can also be represented by a lay person, such as a friend or family member.

If unavoidable, the tribunal process follows specific procedural steps: